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Psychological Factors in Crime                     20/09/13
Mind map of
Psychological theories as to why people commit crime

Sociological Factors in Crime                     27/12/14
Overview of
Sociological theories as to why people commit crime

Gang Membership and Teenage Offending
David Smith & Paul Bradshaw's study into the relationship between gang membership and teenage offending - presented in key study format

Society & Community

Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour

The Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development
Donald West & David Farrington’s groundbreaking longitudinal study into factors predicating young males to crime and/or deviancy - in key study format

Prejudice & Discrimination
Mind map exploring the concepts of prejudice, discrimination and Social Identity Theory

Social Influence

Social influence is defined by Robert Cialdini (1994) as “the efforts made by others to change our attitudes, beliefs, perceptions or behaviour". Michael Hogg & Graham Vaughan (1998) call it: “the process whereby attitudes and behaviour are influenced by the real or implied presence of other people.” The term is often implied where other people influence our attitudes or behaviour - eg: someone telling us: "You'd better go now or you'll be late." However, we may also seek to be influenced by others - eg: girls trying on a new outfit will sometimes ask their friend: "Does my bum look big in this?

These pages look particularly at the key areas of social influence: conformity and obedience.

Conformity - Majority Influence
Mind map outlining the concepts of
Majority Influence and research into it

Asch’s Lines Experiment

Solomon Asch’s critical experiment on the effects of Majority Influence on conformity in key study format


Minority Influence & Conforming Factors
Mind map looking at the effects of
Minority Influence and the factors that bring about conformity

Hofling & His Nurses
Charles Hofling et al’s notorious experiment on obedience in the doctor-nurse relationship, presented in key study format

Why Obey?
Mind map exploring factors which bring about obedience

Independent Behaviour
Mind map exploring factors which can bring about disobedience and resistance to

Stanford Prison Experiment
The notorious simulated ‘prison experiment’ conducted by
Craig Haney, Curtis Banks & Philip Zimbardo, presented in key study format

raves Model

The BBC Prison Study
Steve Reicher & Alex Haslam’s partial recreation of Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford classic producing very different results, presented in key study format

raves Model

Learning & Education

How the Brain develops the Mind...
With minor editing by
Spiral Dynamics co-developer Chris Cowan and originally published on the Humberside Partnership Connexions web site.